सुजनो न याति वैरं परहितबुद्धिर्विनाशकालेऽपि ।
छेदेऽपि चन्दनतरुः सुरभयति मुखं कुठारस्य ॥
पद विग्रह :
सुजनः न याति वैरं पर-हित-बुद्धिः विनाश-काले अपि ।
छेदे अपि चन्दन-तरुः सुरभयति मुखं कुठारस्य ॥
A noble person who is ever engaged in the benefaction of others does not resort to hostility, even in times of (his ) adversity. The sandal tree, even on it’s cutting also, smears its fragrance onto the blade of the axe.
This is a great ‘ subhashita ‘, explaining the manners and actions of the noble and pious people. The noble ones will never deviate from their nature of helping others, even in their bad times also, or even when faced with worst situation.
The poet has taken the example of a sandal wood tree. An extraordinary trait of sandal wood is that, the more you cut it, the more and more fragrance it emits and that fragrance smears the face of the very axe, which is the instrument for the destruction of the tree.
The authors of ‘ Subhashitas ‘ do not leave any opportunity In praising the best innate qualities or the extraordinary traits of, be it in the bird family, animal kingdom, bees and plant kingdom.
In this ‘ Subhashitam ‘, the qualities of a sandalwood tree has been compared to that of a noble and pious man, in so far as such quality relates to being of help at all the time to others, even while facing their own worst of the times.
When an axe fells a sandal tree, the tree does not pick up a sword to fight back, nor does it use a shield to protect itself. Even while being felled due to the cutting and chopping of it’s trunk by the chopping axe, it still graces the blade of that very axe with its wonderful fragrance. Those who are noble, benevolent, do not resort to hostility or aggression even while facing hardships in their personal life. Such persons never really get shattered in the real sense. Outwardly, it may look like a downfall of the person or even destruction of his riches etc.,in worldly terms. But, they are the true heroes, because on the scale of benevolence and graciousness, they will always stand tall, making new highs every time. Their honour and reputation shall never see a downward curve in the graph of their noble deeds. That is the true measure of their worth.
Since the comparison of the qualities of noble persons has been made with that of a sandalwood tree, I am reminded of another ‘ Subhashitam ‘ eulogising the benevolence nature of that tree. The ‘ Subhashitam ‘ I am referring to is as follows.
मूलं भुजङ्गैः शिखरं प्लवङ्गैः
शाखा विहङ्गैः कुसुमानि भृङ्गैः ।
श्रितं सदा चन्दनपादपस्य
परोपकाराय सतां विभूतयः ॥
Meaning : At the base there are serpents; at the top there are monkeys; it’s branches are filled with birds; it’s flowers are filled with bees. The sandal tree’s very existence is for the benefit of others. Such is the nature of the noble ones. Altruism is engrained in them. Everything they do is for the good of others.just as all these creatures find their homes in a sandal tree, similarly benevolence is the wealth of the noble.
A person whose benevolent nature doesn’t change with adversity is the most kind hearted one. It is also an indication that, the affability of a person has more to do with what he gives rather than what he takes ‘for’ himself?
Giving with a good heart and good intention without expecting anything in return. If you expect something in return, that expectation should be of the well being of the recipient.
अष्टादश पुराणेषु व्यासस्य वचनद्वयम् |
परोपकारः पुण्याय पापाय परपीडनम् ||
Meaning: Maharishi Ved Vyas Ji has said two specific things in eighteen Puranas. First – charity is virtuous and second – troubling or harming others in any form or manner is sin.